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What Are The Ways HIV Is Transmitted?

Published: 2010年7月15日
Dear TeenHealthFX,
what are the ways hiv is transmitted
Signed: What Are The Ways HIV Is Transmitted?

Dear What Are The Ways HIV Is Transmitted?,

 

HIV can be transmitted from one person to another through HIV-contaminated blood, semen and vaginal secretions. This can happen in the following ways:

·         Through sexual contact with a person infected with HIV or AIDS. Unprotected anal sex with a person infected with HIV is the most risky sexual behavior, followed by unprotected vaginal sex. It is also possible to transmit HIV through unprotected oral sex.

·         By sharing needles (a practice often done by drug addicts) with someone who is infected with HIV or AIDS.

·         Babies born to HIV-infected women may become infected before or during birth (although there are medications available now which can greatly help to prevent this type or transmission of the virus), or through breast-feeding.

·         Through transfusions involving infected blood or blood clotting factors (however, keep in mind this type of transmission of the virus is very rare as blood in the U.S. is now screened for HIV antibodies).

·         By getting HIV-infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions into open wounds or sores.

HIV is not contracted by things such as causal kissing, sharing glasses, and hugging.

Keep in mind that HIV can only be transmitted from someone who is infected with the virus. HIV cannot be randomly created in a person or spread by a person who does not have the disease. FX also wants you to remember that some people may be infected with the virus but may not know it as people are often not immediately symptomatic when infected with HIV. That means a person could pass on the virus without even knowing it. If you think you may be HIV+ or may have been exposed to the virus, speak to your doctor right away so he/she can determine if HIV testing is necessary.

If you don't have a doctor and live in northern New Jersey, you can call the Adolescent/Young Adult Center for Health at 973-971-6475 for an appointment or contact your local teen health center or Planned Parenthood. You can also contact your insurance company for a list of in-network providers.

If you have any more questions about HIV, speak to your doctor, school nurse, health educator at school, or read the information provided by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) on HIV or the information provided by the Mayo Clinic on HIV.

Signed: TeenHealthFX

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